Wilderness therapy utilizes therapeutic intervention to assist struggling people, a majority of which are children, young adults, and adolescents. The main difference between wilderness and traditional therapies is that wilderness therapy gives a student a better chance for uninterrupted self-focus through additional natural settings. A classical therapeutic approach requires the student to meet with a therapist few times a week and then get back to his/her custom environment, thus limits the therapist’s ability to fully apply the therapy. Therapeutic wilderness programs enable learners to independently utilize therapy sessions. By making use of the wilderness, learners are able to gain extensive experience in applying therapy concepts. The unique wilderness experience creates opportunities for families to gain an understanding and perspective of requirements for a strong relationship and ways that they can apply them in their context.
Wilderness therapy encompasses the constituents of family, group, and individual therapy in a simpler, more focused setting. By removing all the distractive factors such as technology and background sounds a student focuses strongly on his/her personal problems. Wilderness therapy creates a healthy setting for learners to discover new and reliable handling strategies for an emotional struggle. In therapeutic wilderness experience, learners usually work in groups, gaining positive skills for expressing emotions, learn and improve communications skills, and establish meaningful relationships with other individuals. It makes use of the wilderness as a classroom so as to teach, independence, communication skills, build self-image, and logical and natural reasonable consequences.