Previously referred to as manic-depressive disorder, bipolar disorder is a mental condition characterized by significant changes in mood, ranging from depression to mania. For a teen, the symptoms of bipolar disorder are often more extreme, and can be accompanied by feelings of rage. While experiencing a manic episode, individuals will often display an excessive amount of unfocused energy and enthusiasm, and this can even impact their ability to sleep. In a depressive state, it is common to feel sadness, fatigue, hopelessness and a general lack of interest and enjoyment.
Most often, the shifting of high to low moments occurs gradually over several days or weeks, but in a limited number of individuals, mania and depression can be experienced simultaneously. Both ends of the spectrum can be incredibly challenging to overcome, and have a strong negative impact on the individual and those around them. If a young person is struggling to balance their moods, it is recommended that they seek out the assistance of trained mental health professionals to help them gain control and improve their quality of life.